H2S82: Encoding keyboard input into binary representation:

The following article will provide, granularly, the steps of recording keyboard entry from a user of a Web.Sockets-chat and generating the payload frame that is ready to send to the server, through the protocol:

H3S1: Capturing user input, as an ASCII string:

Hu: Again, we will always be working with single stroke kb-input. For the MVP, we can simply use an HTML form, to capture the single.char-string.

H3S2: Building an internal library for char to binary encoding:

H3S3: Measuring the length, in binary integers, of the resulting encoded:

Hu: The length will be recorded as an ASCII integer, in this step.

H3S4: Encoding the integer length, also, into binary:

H4S1: decbin:

<php.net>: Returns a string containing a binary | representation of the given num argument.

decbin(int $num): string

echo decbin(12) . " | ";
echo decbin(26);

Output: 1100 | 11010

H4S2: pack:

pack(string $formatmixed ...$values): string

<php.net>: Pack given arguments into a binary string according to format<see-doc>: Note that the distinction between signed and unsigned values only affects the function unpack(), where as function pack() gives the same result for signed and unsigned format codes.

$binarydata = pack("nvc*", 0x1234, 0x5678, 65, 66);

<php.net>: The resulting binary string will be 6 bytes long and contain the byte sequence <hexadecimal:>0x12, 0x34, 0x78, 0x56, 0x41, 0x42.

H4S3: base_convert:

<php.net>: Returns a string containing num represented in base to_base. The base in which num is given is specified in from_base. Both from_base and to_base have to be between 2 and 36, inclusive. Digits in numbers with a base higher than 10 will be represented with the letters a-z, with a meaning 10, b meaning 11 and z meaning 35. The case of the letters doesn’t matter, i.e. num is interpreted case-insensitively.

base_convert(string $num, int $from_base, int $to_base): 
$hexadecimal = 'a37334';
echo base_convert($hexadecimal, 16, 2);

Output: 101000110111001100110100

H3S5: Translating the integer string # into binary:

Hu: This binary representation needs to be exactly 7 bits, regardless of the integer length, which is between 0 and 125, inclusive #

H3S6: Appending the integer.representation-binary at the end of the 2.byte-header:

Hu: The FIN value of an unchained messages is //

H3S7: Appending the user.input-encoded,binary to the end of the 2.byte-header:

Hu: This should be the last step. The value returned by this function is ready to be sent # into the server via the Web.Socket-protocol. On the other side, the decode should reverse these steps, in the same | order<Turing>







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